Small fig tree
来源: 网络   发布时间: 2014-12-17 19:56   2971 次浏览   大小:  16px  14px  12px

The common fig is grown for its edible fruit throughout the temperate world. It is also grown as an ornamental tree, and the cultivar 'Brown Turkey' has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[6]

Figs can be found in continental climates with hot summers as far north as Hungary and Moravia, and can be harvested up to four times per year. Thousands of cultivars, most named, have been developed as human migration brought the fig to many places outside its natural range.

Two crops of figs are potentially produced each year.[7] The first or breba crop develops in the spring on last year's shoot growth. In contrast, the main fig crop develops on the current year's shoot growth and ripens in the late summer or fall. The main crop is generally superior in both quantity and quality to the breba crop. However, some cultivars produce good breba crops (e.g., 'Black Mission', 'Croisic', and 'Ventura').

There are basically three types of edible figs:[8]

Persistent (or common) figs have all female flowers that do not need pollination for fruiting; the fruit can develop through parthenocarpic means. This is a popular horticulture fig for home gardeners. Dottato (Kadota), Black Mission, Brown Turkey, Brunswick, and Celeste are some representative cultivars.
Caducous (or Smyrna) figs require cross pollination by the fig wasp with pollen from caprifigs for the fruit to mature. If not pollinated the immature fruits drop. Some cultivars are Smyrne (Lob Incir in Turkey) - (Calimyrna in the Great Central Valley USA), Marabout, Inchàrio, and Zidi.
Intermediate (or San Pedro) figs set an unpollinated breba crop, but need pollination for the later main crop. Examples are Lampeira, King, and San Pedro.
The fig likes dry sunny sites, the soil dry or drained. Excessive growth has to be limited to promote the fruiting. It thrives in both sandy and rocky soil. As the sun is really important it is better to avoid shades. Some varieties are more adapted to harsh and wet climates.





Figs plants are easy to propagate through several methods. Propagation using seeds is not the preferred method since vegetative methods exist that are quicker and more reliable, that is, they do not yield the inedible caprifigs. However, those desiring to can plant seeds of dried figs with moist sphagnum moss or other media in a zip lock bag and expect germination in a few weeks to several months. The tiny plants can be transplanted out little by little once the leaves open, and despite the tiny initial size can grow to 1 foot (30 cm) or more within one year from planting seeds.

Main vegetative propagation, or spring propagation: before the tree starts growth, cut 15–25 cm (6–10 inch) shoots that have healthy buds at their ends, and set into a moist mix of soil and peat-moss located in shade in first time, buried 3/4 of their length. Larger diameter stems are better – intermediate cuttings on branches can be done too (up to diam. 3/4") – but in this case the upper side must be cut inclined, thus marking the upper part, to avoid planting upside-down. Grow one year in a nursery, in a pot or in-ground spaced one foot apart, till winter. Before the plant starts growth, plant it in the desired final location.

For propagation in the mid-summer months, air layer new growth in August (mid-summer) or insert hardened off 15–25 cm (6-10 inches) shoots into moist perlite or a sandy soil mix, keeping the cuttings shaded until new growth begins; then gradually move them into full sun. For spring propagation, before the tree starts growth, cut 15–25 cm (6-10 inches) shoots that have healthy buds at their ends, and set into a moist perlite and/or sandy soil mix located in the shade. Once the cuttings start to produce leaves, bury them up to the bottom leaf to give the plant a good start in the desired location.

An alternative propagation method is bending over a taller branch, scratching the bark to reveal the green inner bark, then pinning the scratched area tightly to the ground. Within a few weeks, roots will develop and the branch can be clipped from the mother plant and transplanted where desired.











易脱落的(或士麦那)无花果无花果黄蜂需要交叉授粉的花粉从野生无花果果实成熟。如果不是授粉不成熟的水果。有些无花果品种Smyrne(Lob Incir在土耳其)——(在美国伟大的中央山谷Calimyrna),隐士,Inchario,Zidi。

中间型(或圣佩德罗)无花果设置一个unpollinated breba作物,但需要授粉后主要作物。例如Lampeira,国王,圣佩德罗。






主要营养繁殖无花果苗,或者春天繁殖:在树前开始增长,减少15 - 25厘米(6 - 10英寸)健康的味蕾在结束拍摄,并设置成一个湿润的土壤和泥煤苔位于阴影在第一次埋3/4的长度。大直径茎是好,中间岩屑在树枝上也可以做(直径。3/4”),但在这种情况下,上面必须削减倾斜,从而标志着上方,避免种植倒。生长一年幼儿园,一壶或间隔1英尺的掩埋式,到冬天。在植物开始生长,植物所需的最终位置。

无花果苗繁殖的仲夏月,空气层(仲夏)8月新增长或插入硬15 - 25厘米(6 - 10英寸)拍摄到潮湿的珍珠岩或沙质土壤混合,使岩屑阴影,直到新的增长开始,然后逐渐转移到阳光充足。春天的繁殖,在这棵树开始增长,减少15 - 25厘米(6 - 10英寸)健康的味蕾在结束拍摄,并设置成湿润珍珠岩和/或沙质土壤混合位于阴影。一旦岩屑开始产生叶子,埋到叶底部给工厂一个好的开始在所需的位置。



QQ  在线客服