Negronne
来源:    发布时间: 2017-07-12 09:48   893 次浏览   大小:  16px  14px  12px
This cultivar has been present in South of France for a very long time and was grown by J.B. de la Quinitinie in the Versailles Castle during Louis XIV. This famous gardener described Negronne in 1692. Its presence in the Paris area, in England and even in North America demonstrates its resistance to cold and its ability to ripen fruits in cool climates with short autumns. 

Negronne is a tree of average vigor, easy to train as a single or multi-stemmed tree and is adapted to small gardens. It has a very good cold resistance due to its weak growth and fast hardening of its new wood; even in shady location (about 30%), the wood is well hardened at the end of the season. 

This variety is of particular interest for its regular blue-black brebas production of very good organoleptic qualities. The fruits are of average size (about 50 g) and resist very well to humid conditions. They are especially juicy, a little creamy with a pronounced and complex taste containing very present fruity notes. The sugar content may sometimes seem to be very high when the fruit is a little more than ripe. The taste is more balanced when the fruit is soft. 

The main crop is heavy (around 300 figs in 2012), but all fruits don’t rippen in Vienna. As an average, only 2/3 of the crop may be harvested in the periphery of Vienna. The fruits are very resistant to bad weather and humid conditions. They are smaller (35 g), blue with some light dots and their skin is a little thicker. It is advisable not to harvest them too ripe, as they tend to become dryer, which increases the perception of the skin thickness when eaten. The pulp is of very good quality and is well balanced between sugar and fruity notes reminding of red berries. The sugar content and organolopetic qualities tend to drop rapidly as soon as days become shorter and sunshine becomes rare (end October / beginning of November). The fruits may dry on the tree when the autumn is warm enough. 

Negronne holds very well when cooked and can be used to make pies, jellies or to accompany a dish of game for example. 

To conclude, Negronne is a variety well adapted to cool climates with short seasons. Its production of brebas is regular and of exceptional quality while the main crop is very heavy. However to ripen a good quantity of main crop, which when ripe taste very good as well, the tree must be located in a sunny place during September and October. It can be associated with an early fig in order to extend by 2 or 3 weeks the harvest of main crop. 

This observation was conducted in Vienna, Austria, by a Planet Fig correspondent where the tree only receives sunshine until 2.45 PM.

这个无花果品种已在法国南部种植了很长时间,并在路易十四时在凡尔赛城堡由J.B. de la Quinitinie种植。这位着名的园丁在1692年描述了Negronne。它在巴黎地区,英国甚至北美的存在证明了它在寒冷的气候中抗寒和在秋季成熟的能力。
Negronne是一种平均活力的树,容易作为单茎或多茎树进行训练,适应于小花园。由于其新木材生长缓慢,硬化快,耐寒性好;即使在阴凉的位置(约30%),木材在季节结束时也很好地硬化了。

这种无花果品种对于其常规的蓝黑色春果生产具有非常好的感官品质特别感兴趣。春果的平均尺寸(约50克),并且在潮湿条件下抵抗力很好。它们特别多汁,有点奶油,味道浓郁,味道浓郁,味道浓郁。当果实比成熟时糖含量有时似乎很高。当水果柔软时,味道更加平衡。

在维也纳,这个无花果品种的无花果种植很多。它秋果很多,这个无花果品种所有的果都不会开裂。平均而言,只有2/3的果可能在维也纳边缘收获。果非常耐恶劣天气和潮湿的环境。它们较小(35g),蓝色带有一些点,其皮肤稍厚。建议不要收获它们太成熟,因为它们倾向于变干燥,这增加了吃掉皮肤厚度的感觉。纸浆质量非常好,并且在糖和果味纸条之间保持平衡,提醒红色浆果。一旦日变短,阳光变得稀少(十月/十一月初),糖含量和有机质量也将迅速下降。当秋天足够温暖时,水果可能在树上干燥。
内格罗纳熟食时保持非常好,可以用来制作馅饼,果冻或陪伴一盘游戏。

总而言之,Negronne无花果苗,可以很好地适应短时间内凉爽的气候。它的生产是正常的和特殊的品质,而秋果非常丰产。不过要成熟大量的秋果,当成熟的味道也很好的时候,这棵树必须在9月和10月在一个阳光明媚的地方。它可以与早期的无花果相关联,以延长主要作物的收获2或3周。
这个观察在奥地利维也纳,一个Planet Fig记者进行,树上只有阳光直到下午2点45分。
关键词:无花果苗,无花果品种,无花果种植


 
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